On the night of July 21, 356 BCE, two important events took place in the Mediterranean Basin. One created history, the other erased it.
On that night, in the city of Pella, the capital of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia, the wife of King Philip II gave birth to a baby boy. This child would, years later, create one of the largest empires of the ancient world rewriting the history of much of Europe, Asia and northeast Africa. He was Alexander the Great.
The other event was more prosaic: an arsonist set fire to a temple. That temple, however, was no ordinary temple. It was one of the greatest temples to stand on the face of the earth—regarded for the past two thousand years by travellers and scholars as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.