A 5,300-year-old mummy discovered in the Alps in 1991 was so perfectly preserved that he’s become world famous, and has been endlessly studied. We call him Ötzi after the place he was found. Scientists have examined every inch of Ötzi the Iceman, down to the cellular level, including the bacteria he carried, his clothing, and even the pollen caught in the fabric. They studied the remains for his medical history and the reason his body was so well preserved. But how did he die? Researchers first thought it could have been the cold weather, or any number of physical maladies catching up with him, but it wasn’t old age. Years of forensic examination have determined that Ötzi was murdered. And further study is bringing us clues as to how that happened, in what’s been called the world’s coldest cold case. Catch up with what we know about Ötzi’s death with this animated TED-Ed lesson.
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